«European Journal of Contemporary Education» – international scientific Journal.

E-ISSN 2305-6746

Publication frequency – once in 3 months.
Issued from 2012.

2 June 07, 2018

The Problems of Contemporary Education

1. Prince Addai, Evans Kyeremeh, Wahab Abdulai, Jacob Owusu Sarfo
Organizational Justice and Job Satisfaction as Predictors of Turnover Intentions among Teachers in the Offinso South District of Ghana

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 235-243.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.235CrossRef

There is high incidence of teachers’ agitation for a better pay and other conditions of service in Ghana. This study assessed the influence of job satisfaction and organizational justice on turnover intentions among teachers. One hundred and fourteen teachers at the Offinso South District of Ghana were conveniently selected to complete the Organizational Justice Index, the Teachers Satisfaction Scale and the Turnover Intention Scale. From the results, turnover intentions negatively correlate with organizational justice and job satisfaction of teachers. With regard to the components of job satisfaction, only pay contributed a significant variance to their turnover intentions. Among the components of organizational justice, distributive and procedural justice contributed also significantly to turnover intentions. Nonetheless, gender had no significant effect on the turnover intentions among teachers.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528364058.pdf
Number of views: 1584      Download in PDF

2. Senad Bećirović, Amna Brdarević-Čeljo
Exploring and Assessing Cross-cultural Sensitivity in Bosnian Tertiary Education: Is there a real promise of harmonious coexistence?

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 244-256.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.244CrossRef

The aim of this research was to examine how university type, nationality, GPA, gender and grade level affect the cross-cultural sensitivity of students at tertiary level of education in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The revised and updated Inventory of Cross-Cultural Sensitivity (ICCSv2) was utilized for data collection. It contains four subscales: cultural inclusion, cultural behavioral integration, cultural anxiety, and cognitive flexibility. The representative sample consists of 219 students. The results have shown that university type, GPA and nationality have a significant effect on the development of cross-cultural sensitivity, while gender and students’ grade level do not appear to have a significant impact on cross-cultural sensitivity. The results suggest that university along with its peculiar properties has a significant influence on shaping students’ cross-cultural development. The major implication of the study is that some aspects of cross-cultural sensitivity can be developed further in the university milieu and through curriculum adjustment.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369435.pdf
Number of views: 1540      Download in PDF

3. Sergei I. Belentsov, Veronika A. Gribanova, Oksana U. Brasnik, Aleksey V. Pozdniakov
Management of Development of Creative Civil Activity of Student's Youth

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 257-264.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.257CrossRef

Management of development of creative civil activity of student's youth reveal in article, results of research work on formation of creative civil activity of student's youth in educational work of higher education institution are described. Formation of civil activity is presented in the form of the model realized during three interconnected stages: theoretical-procedural (search), interiorization (transformative-reflexive) and eksteriorization (practice-oriented). The experience of transformative reflexive forms of work (the school of social development, youth forums, design work) is described on the basis of the Anton Chekhov Institute. Personally focused, activity, axiological approaches made methodological base of work. Material of the publication can be useful to organizers of educational work with students of universities, to teachers to acquaintance to pedagogical experience of social and civil education.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528364326.pdf
Number of views: 1561      Download in PDF

4. Vladimír Biloveský, Matej Laš
The Particulars of Teaching Specialized Translation: A Case Study of Matej Bel University

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 265-274.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.265CrossRef

This paper introduces the teaching model for specialized translation introduced at Matej Bel University. On one hand, the model is based on the tradition of translation studies in Slovakia and former Czechoslovakia, but on the other hand it takes into consideration the skills needed for the translation of specialized texts in contemporary working environments. These skills are based on the competences proposed by the EMT network as well as on the latest Slovak research on the domestic translation market. In 2012 the Translation and Interpreting Centre (TaIC) was established with the aim of enhancing the training of future translators and interpreters. Through supervised practice, the TaIC provides students with the opportunity to experience real working conditions in the field of translation and interpreting, as well as providing teachers with the opportunity to assess their students’ performance. A survey conducted among students and graduates who participated in the TaIC is analysed in the last part of this paper. The paper describes the proposed model, its advantages and disadvantages and its contribution to the translator and interpreter training programme at Matej Bel University.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528364618.pdf
Number of views: 1560      Download in PDF

5. Svetlana S. Bykova, Elena A. Kuvaldina, Larisa M. Mashkovtseva, Tatyana V. Malova
Applying the Ideas of the Developmental Teaching at the Foreign Language Lessons to Develop Students’ Communicative Competence

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 275-285.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.275CrossRef

Foreign language lessons at school are designed to form key competences, with communicative competence being an important one, implying students’ ability and readiness to communicate in a foreign language. However, there are difficulties in mastering the foreign language. As before, the main ones are: the lack of active oral practice, the absence of the environment for foreign language communication, and the presentation of educational material in textbooks without taking into account the principle of individualization and differentiation of education. The solution to this problem is possible through applying the ideas of developmental teaching at the lesson. The purpose of this study is to substantiate theoretically and test experimentally the effectiveness of using the ideas of developmental learning at the foreign language lessons to develop students’ communicative competence. The leading method of the research is a pedagogical experiment aimed at revealing the level of the development of students’ communicative competence. The content analysis of foreign language textbooks was also used to identify potential options to apply ideas of developmental learning. Results of the research: The article presents a selection of topical projects aimed at students’ partially exploring and research activities that form the communicative competence directly; there were developed lessons to introduce the ideas of the developmental teaching at the lesson. It is proved that the projects assembled in the textbook contribute to building interdisciplinary connections, stimulate the development of the communicative competence and, on the whole, favour the development of the student's personality. Relevance of the study: The study proved the effectiveness of using the ideas of the developmental teaching to develop students’ communicative competence. The materials of the article can be used to improve the process of teaching the foreign language at the secondary school; developed and tested different topical projects can be used by teachers of the foreign language in class.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528364719.pdf
Number of views: 1602      Download in PDF

6. Ivan A. Ermachkov, Anisim I. Ekimov, Alla G. Vazerova
Students’ Humanitarian Science Club Activity in 2006–2012

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 286-290.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.286CrossRef

The article deals with the experience of establishing of the students’ humanitarian science club and its’ activity in a classic university. The authors pay attention to regulations, structure, duties, daily activities, as well as the publications of the scientific club. The authors come to the conclusion that a quite large variety of methodological practices and approaches in the organization of students’ science activities, aiming at improving the quality of students’ scientific researches can be applied. The algorithm of organization and activity of the student scientific club proposed in the article demonstrated effectiveness and, in the opinion of the authors, can be used in organizing students’ science research in other higher educational institutions.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369482.pdf
Number of views: 1509      Download in PDF

7. Alexander Fedorov, Anastasia Levitskaya, Olga Gorbatkova, Galina Mikhaleva
Professional Risk: Sex, Lies, and Violence in the Films about Teachers

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 291-331.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.291CrossRef

Pedagogical issues are rather popular in the world’s cinematography. Images of school and university teachers occupy a special place in it. Hoping to attract as many viewers as possible the cinematography prefers to refer not to everyday routine education process but to “hot spots” of teaching associated mainly with sex, lies and violence (in this regard deception is successfully combined with narrative moves of violence and sex) in recent decades. Thus, the title of the French film Risky Business (Les risques du métier, 1967) contains the essence of the media presentation of the teacher’s image whose profession is undoubtedly linked to serious risks and challenges. The review and analysis of 1300 Western films about school and university, study of more than 7000 published materials (books, research articles and film reviews) on the declared topic have enabled us to reveal the following basic types of teacher’s images in the Western cinematography: positive (super)hero (often a male, a school teacher recently employed) who reeducates an aggressive and disobedient class; a negative personage who hates students (in some cases he/she can even be a robot-killer or an alien); a loser / clown, outsider suffering from his job; a bureaucrat-administrator. The authors of the article point to the fact that the teacher’s image on the Western screen has significantly transformed over time. The self-censorship that existed practically till the 1960s did not allow film makers to touch upon such radical aspects as violence, sex, obscene language, racial and religious problems in schools and universities. But after the lifting of the Hays Code and the advent of the so-called sexual revolution of the 1970s the Western screen began to successively exploit the topics forbidden before, thus creating new horrifying narratives moves every year. On the other hand, the tendency for reflection on the pedagogical mission and real professional challenges involved stills remains in the Western cinematography. Such hermeneutic analysis of Western audiovisual media texts about school and university allowed the authors to integrate the structure of media stereotypes of school and university teachers in films.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369537.pdf
Number of views: 1504      Download in PDF

8. Arturo García-Santillán, Rosalba Viridiana García-Cabrera, Violetta S. Molchanova, Valeria García-Cabrera
Psychometric Properties of the Scale of Mato and Muñoz-Vázquez in Medical Undergraduate Students Sample

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 332-343.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.332CrossRef

The aim of this paper is to measure the anxiety toward mathematics of undergraduate medical students in a public university. In order to get the data were surveyed 208 students enrolled when the test was applied. The questionnaire used was the scale of Mato and Muñoz- Vázquez (2007). The statistical procedure was exploratory factorial analysis (EFA) with extraction method: Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Rotation Method: Varimax with Kaiser Normalization (KMO, Bartlett test of Sphericity, MSA, X2 with df, α = <0.05). The result suggests that the factor ANXTMSDL (0.933) is the largest factor load, which suggests that the profile of the medical student, generates greater anxiety when faced with operations in daily life and the factor (ANXTT 0.626) is the factor that has a lower factor load, which leads us to think that anxiety towards the temporality of assessments or exams is not present, perhaps because, in the curriculum of the majoring the topics of mathematics are not integrated.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528367043.pdf
Number of views: 1514      Download in PDF

9. Cemal Özdemir, Elif Derya Özdemir
Suggestions for Problems Faced in Basic Language Skills by University Students Learning Turkish in Kazakhstan

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 344-359.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.344CrossRef

This study reveals suggestions of Kazakh students for solving the problems in learning Turkish as a foreign language in the Turkish language skills in universities in Kazakhstan. The research has been prepared in order to assist in the search for solutions to the problems by way of these suggestions. The study group of this work consists of 25 males and 15 females who studied Turkish in 2016–2017 at Suleyman Demirel University in Kazakhstan. The research consists of four chapters on the Turkish language skills, including seven suggestion sentences list in each chapter. A total of 28 Likert-type questionnaires were used, as well as semi-open questions, in which students can express their suggestions for solving problems in language skills in written form. To carry quantitative data analysis obtained from Likert-type questionnaires both descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used. In particular, frequency analysis and t-test were used. Qualitative data analysis techniques were used to study the semi-open questions. As a result of the research, when the ratios of the proposals for the solution of the problems that the participants faced in basic Turkish language skills are examined, the following results arise. In reading-comprehension, 75 % of the students said, "Interesting materials should be used in lessons", "Teachers should help students when they are difficult" was chosen with a rate of 77.5 % in speaking skills, "Listening activities should be selected from interesting topics" was chosen by 67.5 % of students about listening skills, with 67.5 % of the writing skills, "The students should be corrected and shown to themselves", and "Books of different types should be read frequently" are suggested with the highest values. Except for few items t-test shows the signifiacnt (p<0.05) results.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528367184.pdf
Number of views: 1551      Download in PDF

10. Andrey D. Plutenko, Andrey V. Leyfa, Arkady V. Kozyr, Tatyana V. Haletskaya
Specific Features of Vocational Education and Training of Engineering Personnel for High-Tech Businesses

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 360-371.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.360CrossRef

The article outlines the main approaches (person-centered, systemic, competency-based and integrative) in vocational education and training of engineering personnel for high-tech industries based on the analysis of academic research and practical experience. Vocational training of engineering personnel for high-tech businesses should be conducted in accordance with the professional requirements, while keeping professional standards, competencies, skills and qualifications in sharp focus to ensure successful and efficient job performance. The conducted research showed that the level of professional competence of engineering students is insufficient. The important personal attributes of an engineer are as follows: ability to work in a team, work initiative, competence, ability to learn fast, responsibility, good communication skills, stress resistance, leadership qualities, commitment to professional development. The vocational training of engineers in the academic setting should be a system of organizational and teaching activities that should enable the graduates to be professionally ready for their future job.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528367281.pdf
Number of views: 1509      Download in PDF

11. Yury P. Povarenkov, Nataly A. Baranova, Anna D. Sidorova, Nicholas W. Mitiukov
Development of Communicative Tolerance among Teachers of Primary and Senior Level of the General Education School

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 372-378.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.372CrossRef

The article is devoted to the study of the influence of the level of development of communicative tolerance on the effectiveness of the teaching and educational activity of primaryand senior schoolteachers. In the article the concepts of psychophysiological and communicative tolerance are separated. The psychological content of communicative tolerance is revealed. It is established that teachers of primary and senior schools do not differ from each other onthe level of development of communicative tolerance. When the experience of teachers grows, the level of development of communicative tolerance among teachers of both groups firstly increases, and then decreases. The peak of development of communicative tolerance among primary and senior school teachers falls on different periods of work. The level of development of communicative tolerance affects the effectiveness of educational activities of teachers of the first and second levels of training and does not affect the effectiveness of studying ones.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528367461.pdf
Number of views: 1534      Download in PDF

12. Semen D. Reznik, Tatiana A. Yudina
Key Milestones in the Development of Reputation Management in Russian Universities

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 379-391.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.379CrossRef

The development of the modern higher school is characterized by a number of trends that cannot always be called positive. The recent reforms in the sphere of higher education in Russia increase uncertainty of the conditions, in which institutions of higher education currently function. The topicality of the problem makes it necessary to study the problem of reputation management of the higher school, to consider various approaches to creation of reputational responsibility and positive reputation of a university as important tools to improve the university’s operating efficiency, and to achieve competitive advantages in the higher education market. The purpose of the article is to consider approaches to the problems of reputation management of a higher education institution based on studying the processes of creating a positive reputation of a university by increasing its reputational responsibility, identifying reputational risks and other factors. In particular, the authors examine theoretical aspects of the reputation management in a university, analyze the results of studying characteristic features of creating the university’s reputation and its reputational responsibility.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528367599.pdf
Number of views: 1573      Download in PDF

13. Olga V. Rogach, Elena V. Frolova, Tatyana M. Ryabova
Theory of "Trust" in the Focus of Expectation Study Concerning Educational Space Key Actors

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 392-399.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.392CrossRef

The article presents the results of the study, illustrating the expectations and the persistent stereotypes about the parent and the pedagogical community, which reduce the possibility of confidential interaction development in the sphere of education. The conceptual provisions of "confidence" theory by P. Sztompka, in which trust is viewed as a strategic resource for the development of social systems, became the initial prerequisites for the study. The empirical base of the study was represented by the educational facilities of Moscow. The focus group method was used as the main research method, in which 34 representatives of the parental community and 20 teachers of the Moscow general education schools took part. The authors conclude that there are contradictions in the key expectations of educational space subjects. Parents consider the school as a social compensator for family dysfunctions, considering it is necessary to involve a teacher in the upbringing and the socialization of younger generation. The results of the study showed that the modern school does not have the necessary resource, personnel and socio-cultural potential; it is unable to meet the expectations of the parental community in the current circumstances. This circumstance undermines the very possibility of educational space key agent trust and supports the functional weakness of the modern school. The novelty of the data obtained in the course of the study is the conclusion that the boundaries of social tension, the manifestations of frustration and the uncertainty of the parental and pedagogical community, as well as the risks of school education modernization have extended. The materials of the research work illustrate the reduction of positive motivation for educational space actors, the alienation during the interactions between a family and a school and the lack of an effective managerial practice in the development of constructive cooperation. Social attitudes of a student and a teacher, refracted in the prism of formal interactions between a "client" and "educational service provider", initiate the educational space deformation and the distortion of traditional roles.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369574.pdf
Number of views: 1529      Download in PDF

14. Teresa Zamora-Lobato, Arturo García-Santillán, Jésica Josefina Ramos-Hernández
Gender Differences in Savings. Case Study

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 400-412.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.400CrossRef

Some basic financial topics such as savings and investment are important and required for a financially educated society. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify some characteristics that explain the savings habit of college students, as well as finding if this habit differs in relation to gender. For that purpose 60 students from the Universidad Popular Autónoma of Veracruz were surveyed and for data analysis, the statistical techniques used were Z scores to test population proportion and ANOVA to determine if there are differences by gender between the means. The main findings point to students having a savings habit, even though the amounts are minimal (< than $3,000.00 MXN ($160.00 USD) per month) and regarding gender differences, it was only proven that there is a difference in the variable INCOME, but not in the other three (Food Expenses, Mortgage Expenses and Savings).

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528367816.pdf
Number of views: 1516      Download in PDF

The History of Education

15. Olga V. Natolochnaya, Aleksey A. Korolev, Oksana V. Ustinova, Teimur E. Zulfugarzade
The System of Teaching Literacy in Company Schools of the Russian Army: the 1850–1860s Experience

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 413-419.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.413CrossRef

The paper addresses the introduction of literacy schools for the lower ranks in the Russian army. The study primarily focuses on the teaching process, as well as on the used instructional techniques aimed to improve the education efficiency. The materials include army orders, as well as publications by Russian officers in the Russian Empire's central military edition – the Voennyi Sbornik (“Military Collection”) journal. The methodological basis for the study is formed by principles of historicism and objectivity, traditional for this kind of research. It also employed analytical, probabilistic, statistical, typological and comparative methods. The method of historicism allowed for the use of diverse facts, uncovered in field work with sources, and subsequent identification of important phenomena and processes related to the organization of the teaching process in company schools. The paper also paid attention to the instructional techniques that were applied in the teaching process. In conclusion, the authors note that the company literacy schools established in 1857 boosted the number of literate lower ranks. Classes in company schools were carried out in periods when military units were stationed in winter quarters. The term of study was no more than 3 years in these schools. The curriculum included a limited range of subjects such as reading, writing, arithmetic and Scripture knowledge. The teaching was performed by regimental officers who were given complete freedom in choosing methods to instruct learners.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369622.pdf
Number of views: 1486      Download in PDF

16. Timur A. Magsumov, Svetlana F. Artemova, Leonid L. Balanyuk
Regional Problems of Public Schools in the Russian Empire in 1869–1878 (using an example of the Vyatka Province)

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 420-427.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.420CrossRef

The article deals with regional problems of primary education in the Vyatka province of the Russian Empire during the period of 1869–1878. The author pays attention to the development of one-year and two-year schools, reveals the characteristic features of education development and takes into account regional specifics. The Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire was used as materials, as well as the reports published in the Ministry of Public Education journal; the author also uses scientific publications on Russian public education during the studied period. In order to construct methodologically theoretical conclusions related to the result processing, we used a set of special analytical methods of research, including analysis and synthesis of results, abstraction, and the methodology of assumption. As a result of the application of analytical techniques, it was possible to systematize the information obtained and use it more effectively for theoretical conclusions related to the effectiveness of the public education system on the territory of the Vyatka province. In conclusion, the authors note that the primary schools management in the Vyatka province had its own peculiarities. Thus, an attempt by the Zemstvo to switch a number of primary schools to their own expense had led to the inhibition of the development of regional public education by 1875. In addition, a characteristic feature of the region was that the Zemstvo reform completely eliminated church and parish schools, which again were re-open only in 1871. The common feature of the Vyatka school and national public schools was an increase in the number of girl students in rural schools.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528368086.pdf
Number of views: 1529      Download in PDF

17. Vera N. Rodina, Olga V. Kirilova, Konstantin V. Taran
The Class List of Secondary Educational Institutions’ Pupils in Siberia at a boundary of the 19th-20th centuries

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 428-435.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.428CrossRef

The class list of secondary educational institutions’ pupils of Siberia in the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries is investigated in the paper. It was established that the growth of people belonging to different social classes among pupils was observed in these institutions by the beginning of the last century. However this tendency proved to be differently in educational institutions of different type. In this context more conservative approach on the part of state gymnasiums of the Russian Empire was observed. The growth of people belonging to different social classes happened much more slowly in these institutions. An essential part of graduates was made by children of noblemen, officials and other privileged groups throughout the long period of time. More democratic school admissions were characteristic for secondary professional, non-classical secondary and commercial schools. For the last the possibility to pay for training, but not the class origin of pupils was the main condition. Besides, there were no restrictions practically to enter teacher's seminaries and institutes because of a low salary of elementary school teachers that, in turn, caused the low attraction for the representatives of privileged groups to enter these institutions. The conclusion has been drawn that the education system in the Russian Empire at a boundary of the 19th-20th centuries developed at the intersection of contradictions between the needs for modernization of the Russian economy and the conservative efforts made for maintaining traditional social structure by the power.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369688.pdf
Number of views: 1476      Download in PDF

18. Oleg Е. Chuikov, Аlexander Р. Abramov, Teymur E. Zulfugarzade
Organization of Pupil Government in Teaching Activities of Stanislav Shatskii (through the example of Rural Summer School-Colony “The Invigorating Life”)

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(2): 436-444.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.2.436CrossRef

This paper attempts to analyze the educational work of Stanislav Shatskii which was aimed at the formation and development of pupil government. His first pedagogical experiments were carried out in the early twentieth century. He made a great contribution to the development of pedagogical theory and practice. The Russian educator Stanislav Shatskii paid a lot of attention to the formation of a children's team, the development of pupil government in the learning process. He organized educational and research work in experimental school-colonies. Its purposes, structure and functions were one-of-a-kind in the world. The educational model of Stanislav Shatskii can serve as a basic matrix for the specialized education of modern Russia, as it contains the grounds, means and mechanisms for the implementation of learning and educational strategies that meet the interests of society, mentality and social basis of the Russian people.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369729.pdf
Number of views: 1556      Download in PDF

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URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1528369816.pdf
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