«European Journal of Contemporary Education» – international scientific Journal.

E-ISSN 2305-6746

Publication frequency – once in 3 months.
Issued from 2012.

3 September 20, 2018

The Problems of Contemporary Education

1. Semei Coronado, Salvador Sandoval-Bravo, Pedro Luis Celso-Arellano, Ana Torres-Mata
Competitive Learning Using a Three-Parameter Logistic Model

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 448-457.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.448CrossRef

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the test applied at the eighth Statistics II tournament to students from the University Center for Economic and Administrative Sciences of the University of Guadalajara, for the purpose of determining whether it promotes competitive learning among students. To achieve this, Item Response Theory (IRT) is used, specifically in the form of a three-parameter logistic model. The findings show that approximately 20 % of the participating students performed at a level ranging from outstanding to satisfactory, while the rest had a performance that fell between regular and poor. The findings also indicate that participating students were motivated by academic competition and the opportunity to improve their skills in the area of statistics. Moreover, we concluded that the tournament’s assessment instruments need to be substantially improved in terms of design and the content of the items.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452103.pdf
Number of views: 1452      Download in PDF

2. Alexander Fedorov, Anastasia Levitskaya, Olga Gorbatkova, Anvar Mamadaliev
Stereotypes of Teenagers’ Images in Audiovisual Media Texts about Schools and Universities

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 458-464.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.458CrossRef

Having analyzed over a thousand of audiovisual media texts, the authors of the article conclude that in the Soviet, Russian and Western cinema stereotypes of teenagers as positive characters can be divided into the following main groups: 1) positive leaders (high achievers); 2) "nerds" (overly diligent students), 3) average performers. Naturally, the Soviet cinematography had to be more or less ideologically filled with communist values, while in the West and in modern Russian cinema, individual, family and / or group values come to the fore. Stereotypes of teenagers as villains/ evil characters can be, in the opinion of the authors, represented by the following groups: 1) offenders and criminals; 2) narrow-minded/struggling students; 3) "silver spoons" (representatives of the rich "golden youth"). There are nuances, too. For example, in the Soviet cinema heirs of wealthy families were replaced by handsome egoists from the intellectual background, and there were far fewer juvenile offenders than in the American and European media texts. The Soviet cinema (with the exception of a few perestroika pictures) did not emphasize schoolchildren’s sexuality. In general, the analysis of stereotypes of teenage images in audiovisual media texts on the theme of the school and university shows that, despite the national, sociocultural and ideological differences, the stereotypes of these images have more similarities than differences.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452200.pdf
Number of views: 1424      Download in PDF

3. Arturo García-Santillán, Violetta S. Molchanova
Inclusion of Techno-Pedagogical Model in Mathematics Teaching-Learning Process

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 465-484.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.465CrossRef

The aim of this work is to know the perception of the high-school student towards the teaching process of the Financial Mathematics under the modality assisted by the technology. The EAPHMF Scale designed by García-Santillán and Edel (1988) was used, which collects data associated with the student's perception of the variables that make up the techno-pedagogical model. Fifty two students were surveyed in a private institution. The results show that, as a whole the variables of the techno-pedagogical model favor the student's perception toward financial Mathematics being the ones that most contribute, the workshop-type class followed by the design of financial simulators. Furthermore, in the intervention process, an improvement in the evaluation of learning was observed.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452263.pdf
Number of views: 1419      Download in PDF

4. Alexander M. Gorokhov, Konstantin S. Zaikov, Nikolai A. Kondratov, Michail Yu. Kuprikov, Nikita M. Kuprikov, Alexander M. Tamickij
Analysis of Scientific and Educational Space of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and its Contribution to Social and Economic Development

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 485-497.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.485CrossRef

Strategic documents on Russia's development define a transition to a knowledge economy and balanced spatial development, based on innovation and highly skilled human resources. At the present stage of the world economy development, various forms of ties in the scientific, educational, cultural and production spheres that form the scientific and educational space of the territory make a significant economic effect on the restoration and formation of the intellectual potential of the regions. The article describes the scientific and educational space of the Arctic zone of Russia. Specific examples show that in the subjects of the Russian Federation, science and education are unevenly developed. Formation of the scientific and educational space in the Russian Arctic continues. The analysis of this process is of great scientific and practical interest. The meaning of the study is to draw the attention of research organizations and industrial enterprises located both in the Russian Arctic and outside it to the possibility of common use of human, organizational and technical resources within clusters and other forms of interaction. The results of this study may be used by scientific and educational organizations, enterprises of the real sector of the economy, federal and regional executive authorities of the Arctic for the management solutions of the scientific and educational process, training personnel for the real sector of the economy, monitoring the current and prospective staffing needs of the Russian Arctic territories.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452391.pdf
Number of views: 1403      Download in PDF

5. Elena V. Ivanova, Irina A. Vinogradova
Scales SACERS: Results of the Study of the Educational Environment of Moscow Schools

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 498-510.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.498CrossRef

The relevance of the study is determined by a need to identify areas for assessment in the quality of education, plus options for evaluating these educational qualities through an assessment of their educational environment. The of the study is to examine options for the application of international SACERS scales. This is in order to assess the educational environment of Russian schools in general, and also to identify the educational environment of schools in the Moscow region. Methods of research: The leading method for the study of this issue is through observation via the use of SACERS scales. Results of the study: The authors of the study have proved - as well as experimentally demonstrated - the potential for using the SACERS scales as a tool for assessing the educational environment of Moscow schools. The features of this specific educational environment were also revealed. Practical significance: The data obtained using the SACERS scales reveal the content characteristics of an educational environment, set the criteria for its development and can become the basis for designing the educational environment of other specific educational organisations. Assessment of the educational environment, using the SACERS scales and its data, can be used in the method of assessment and management of the quality of education.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452466.pdf
Number of views: 1446      Download in PDF

6. Elena E. Kabanova, Ekaterina A. Vetrova
The Practice of Implementing Bologna Process in the Education Sector in the Russian Federation: Trends and Consequences

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 511-520.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.511CrossRef

The article presents studies that contribute to the ongoing discussion on the higher education reform in Russia in accordance with the Bologna Process. Currently, many higher education institutions of the country have implemented a two-tier system of education, where the first-tier of higher education is bachelor's degree program with the average period of study equal to 4 years, the second-tier of higher education is master's degree program designed for training for 2 years. The specialist degree program remained only in the technical universities. Recently, bachelors make up the main percentage of university graduates. Not many young people enter the master's degree program, mostly those students who plan to devote their future activities to science. The number of studies, currently available in literature, confirming the effectiveness of the transition of higher education to training students under the bachelor's degree program, as well as the demand for these graduates on the labor market, is not high. Are employers ready to employ graduates with bachelor's degree? In this article, firstly, the attitude of employers to the transition to the two-tier system of higher education was studied. Secondly, the employers' loyalty level to a potential employee with a bachelor's degree was determined. Third, the analysis was carried out to reveal the employment of graduates from higher educational institutions with bachelor’s, specialist, and master’s degrees. Also, the article presents the dynamics in the number of students with the bachelor’s, specialist, and master's degree graduated over the recent five years. Limitations of career growth of graduates with the bachelor’s degree were analyzed, and the opportunities to overcome their employment problem were suggested. In consequence of the conducted study of the transition of Russian higher education to a two-tier education system, recommendations are formulated to promote the recognition of the bachelor's degree program graduates in the labor market. The outcomes of the study gain the knowledge about the higher education reform in the Russian Federation, which is conducted in accordance with the Bologna Process, as well as give an idea of the employers’ attitude towards graduates of the bachelor’s degree program.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452535.pdf
Number of views: 1403      Download in PDF

7. Tatyana I. Kulikova, Dmitriy V. Maliy, Natalia A. Stepanova, Svetlana A. Filippova
Internet Communication as a Factor of Psychological Challenges among Student Youth

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 521-530.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.521CrossRef

Continuous surfing the Internet has become one of the students’ lifestyle markers. Some modern researchers argue that as a result of long and regular Internet networking, young people sooner or later begin to experience psychological challenges. The analysis of international and Russian psychological studies on the issue of Internet communication has made it possible to identify the main personal challenges young people may deal with. The paper presents the results of an empirical study of psychological challenges facing by young people who resort to Internet communication. The study involved young people aged 18 to 22 years old, taking advantage of the Internet communication, 45 people in total. All of the subjects are students of various Russian universities. The empirical study has been conducted in the virtual interaction mode. The general hypothesis maintains that, taking into account the exponential growth of information in general, the Internet as a modern communication environment contributes to the emergence of psychological challenges at youth, in particular: manifesting negative emotional states (experiencing depression); reducing the level of self-confidence and self-esteem; generating uncertainty; and exhibiting symptoms of Internet addiction and formation of obsessive need to virtual communication. The study has showed that, representing a huge communication zone for people, the Internet has its pros and cons. Using various possibilities of the worldwide network leads to structural and functional changes in the mental activity of an individual.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452598.pdf
Number of views: 1348      Download in PDF

8. Ahmad M. Mahasneh
Investigation of the Relationship between Teaching and Learning Conceptions and Epistemological Beliefs among Student Teachers from Hashemite University in Jordan

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 531-540.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.531CrossRef

This study aimed to analyzing the relationship between student teachers teaching and learning conceptions and epistemological beliefs. The study sample is composed of 250 undergraduate student teachers attending the faculty of Educational Science. The Conceptions of Teaching and Learning Questionnaire (CTLQ) and Epistemological Beliefs Scale (EBS) were the sources of data collection. The study results showed significant gender-based differences in teaching and learning conceptions based on student teachers' gender. A significant relationship was also found between student teachers' teaching and learning conceptions and their epistemological beliefs.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452689.pdf
Number of views: 1372      Download in PDF

9. Irina V. Romanova, Larisa N. Ponomarenko, Andrey N. Kibishev, Maria M. Susloparova
Civil Values Awareness Formation in High School Students within the Educational Process

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 541-553.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.541CrossRef

The paper covers some conceptual ideas, experience and certain results of forming civil awareness in high-school students of senior grades during the education process. Novelty of the presented paper lies in a comprehensive approach to the issue of the civil awareness formation in high-school senior graders. In this respect the article focuses on the idea of integrating the notion of civil values into the educational process. Such values are called upon to bridge the gap between education and upbringing. The article brings forward the essence and structure of civil values awareness in senior-graders. The paper demonstrates the formation model of the afore-mentioned civil values awareness in students of senior grades. The authors have defined the set of pedagogical conditions required to effectively form civil values awareness in senior-graders, and have developed the evaluation criteria of the extent to which the civil values awareness is developed. Based on the criteria a diagnostic method has been created to evaluate the level of the formed civil values awareness. In the course of research conventional theoretical methods as well empirical methods were used, the preferred one of which was a pedagogical experiment. The authors pointed out the educational process itself is the driving force behind the effective formation of the civil values awareness in the senior-graders, and the process is based on the system of universal human values, national values, and democratic values, which in their turn make the civil values awareness category meaningful. Moreover, the study proved the idea that civil values awareness among the senior-graders is formed in an integrated way both in educational and upbringing activities as well as in extracurricular activity.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452761.pdf
Number of views: 1376      Download in PDF

10. Gizem Saygili
Investigation of Organizational Silency Levels by Teachers According to Some Demographic Variables

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 554-565.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.554CrossRef

In this research, it was aimed to examine the organizational silence levels of primary and secondary school teachers according to some demographic variables. A total of 609 teachers, 309 women and 300 men, who were teaching at primary and secondary schools participated in the research. The Organizational Silence Scale developed by Van Dyne et al. (2003) and adapted to Turkish by Erdoğan (2011) was used in determining the level of organizational silence that teachers had. SPSS 22.0 data analysis program was used for statistical analysis of the data obtained in the research. Descriptive statistics were used to calculate teachers' demographics and the scores they gained from the scale. MANOVA analysis, which is a parametric analysis method, was used to compare the scale scores according to the demographic characteristics of the teachers. The level of significance in the MANOVA analyzes was determined as p <0.05. At the end of the research, it was determined that the organizational silence levels of the teachers were "moderate". When analyzed according to demographic variables, it was determined that organizational silence levels of teachers did not show statistically significant differences according to school type, education status, settlement type, duty type (teacher/manager status) and branch variables (p >0.05). On the other hand, it was determined that organizational silence levels of the teachers showed statistically significant differences according to gender, marital status, age group and occupational seniority variables (p <0.05). As a result, it was found that the demographic characteristics partially affected the teachers' perceptions of organizational silence, and the findings were in accordance with the literature.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452847.pdf
Number of views: 1344      Download in PDF

11. Nurgali K. Ashirbayev, Yerlan Z. Torebek, Nurlibay K. Madiyarov, Marzhan A. Abdualiyeva
Approaches to Teaching Geometry in Kazakhstan Schools Using Information Computer Resources for Educational Purposes

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 566-580.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.566CrossRef

In the context of rapid technological changes and modernization of society, the issue of ensuring adequacy of content in secondary education based on the use of advanced information technologies (ICT) is being updated. The necessity of an appropriate level of primary intellectual activity development in a person in terms of the current trends in society has been determined. In this regard, the goal of the article is to argue advantages of using software products in geometry lessons in the secondary education system of the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK). By the method of expert assessments, criteria for effectiveness of using ICT in geometry lessons have been developed to form applied geometric competencies in students. Functional advantages of certain software product types in the process of teaching geometry in secondary education have been substantiated. A set of practical tasks with the use of ICT for the academic discipline of geometry has been developed. Based on a pedagogical experiment, the effectiveness of using such ICTs in geometry lessons as Microsoft PowerPoint, Microsoft Excel and AutoCAD ensuring applied orientation of the academic discipline has been substantiated and proved. The main problems of introducing ICT in the educational process in the current context have been identified. A set of practical measures has been presented that would contribute to effective and extensive ICT absorption in the process of teaching geometry in secondary education. The presented scientific research findings will contribute to implementation of the advanced education concept and its computerization under the conditions of information society development.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537452953.pdf
Number of views: 1453      Download in PDF

12. Nataliya V. Yakymchuk, Victor V. Kazachenok
Developing Cognitive Independence of Future Informatics Teachers by Multimedia Tools

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 581-597.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.581CrossRef

Future Informatics teachers need to have skills and abilities to continuously improve their knowledge in the field of both modern Information Technologies and modern methods of teaching Informatics. Specialists should constantly self-study because of the rapid pace in development of Informatics and Information Technologies. Thus, the high level of cognitive independence gives students real opportunities to integrate into the world information space, operating information resources presented in various forms. A new learning technology based on subject- and problem-oriented computer training programs and, in particular, multimedia programs is one of the ways to train highly qualified specialists. The programs help to improve the efficiency of learning technology, to intensify educational process, to improve the quality of training. At the same time, it is the role of an Informatics teacher that is significantly increasing. However, modern courses of Informatics do not adequately reflect the issues related to the theoretical and practical aspects of multimedia technology. This article describes our experiment on developing the components of cognitive independence of future Informatics teachers through learning, development and practical use of multimedia tools and gives the details of the used diagnostic material.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537453025.pdf
Number of views: 1410      Download in PDF

The History of Education

13. Timur A. Magsumov, Svetlana F. Artemova, Oksana V. Ustinova, Evgeniya V. Vidishcheva
Public Education System in the Caucasus Region in the 1850s: Unification and Regulation of Educational Process

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 598-607.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.598CrossRef

This article considers the public education system in the Caucasus region in the 1850s, i.e. at the time when unification and regulation of the educational process was taking place within educational institutions. Statutory documents describing the public education system in the Caucasus during the middle of the 19th century were used as study materials. For example, such statutory documents include the Provisions on the Caucasus Educational District and, educational institutions reporting to it. In addition, the authors used compilations of published documents as well as specialist literature. When resolving research tasks, the authors used both general scientific methods (analysis and synthesis, specialization, generalization) and conventional methods of historical analyses. The historical and situational method, which involves studying historic evidence in the context of the surveyed period in conjunction with the neighboring events and facts, is of extreme importance. In conclusion, the authors note that the Caucasus region in the 1850s underwent educational process unification and regulation. Time of chaotic operations at gymnasiums and secondary schools ended and the population of the region was increasingly understanding the benefits of education. As the result, Caucasian schools were becoming increasingly similar to their counterparts in the inland areas of the Russian Empire. Nevertheless, evolution of the public education system in the Caucasus was taking place in view of the ongoing Caucasian War in the region. That is why mosque schools enjoyed a practically autonomous status, for the Russian Administration tried not to provoke the local Muslim population. In addition, the Caucasus region didn’t have any mixed schools. That was also a regional feature of this area.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537453141.pdf
Number of views: 1372      Download in PDF

14. Olga V. Natolochnaya, Natal'ya V. Miku, Teimur E. Zulfugarzade, Aude Médico
Highland Schools in the Caucasus: Historical Background

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 608-614.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.608CrossRef

The article explores the history of the highland schools (Gorskaya shkola) in the Caucasus that covers the period from the 1850s to the 1860s. Established in 1859 and originally planned to function as a pilot project for four years, they proved to be effective, so the experiment continued. This paper also examines the legal status of highland schools. The desk research was focused on facts derived from official archives of the Ministry of Education published in the ‘Journal of Ministry of Education’. Such sources included legal documents, extracts from reports of the Minister of Education and the Trustee of the Caucasus Education District, as well as local findings on operation of the then established schools. The research methodology is based on principles of historicism, objectivity and systematism that are commonly used in historiography. The study involved the problem-based chronological method to scrutinize certain facts in the history of highland schools’ development in the Caucasus, and disclose the highlanders’ interest in such institutions which prompted further establishment of other highland schools in the region. In conclusion, it is important to state that the network of highland schools in the Caucasus allowed not only to satisfy educational needs of children residing in the highland communities, but also to co-educate them with children of the Russian Empire commissioners. Graduates of such schools maintained a wider range of social relationships (through religion, consecrated friendship, comradeship) that helped them to adapt easier to the rapidly changing world and to the rapidly changing situation in the Caucasus.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537453254.pdf
Number of views: 1361      Download in PDF

15. Yulia V. Putilina, Vera N. Rodina, Olga V. Kirilova, Konstantin V. Taran
Student Clubs in Siberia at the beginning of the XX century (Adapted from Materials of the Journal «Siberian Student»: 1914–1916)

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 615-622.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.615CrossRef

This paper is devoted to the research of activity features of the student clubs existing in the territory of Tomsk at the beginning of the last century, conducted on the basis of materials of sketches and articles published in the popular periodical of the beginning of the 20th century – «the Siberian Student». Student clubs were often considered in terms of the following thematic blocks: - a parenthesis with the indication of concrete date or year of club establishment; - the short description of its activity from indications of events, significant for it, and important dates of functioning up to date of the publication of this or that material; - the description of achievements, results of the youth organization activity, a positive role in the creative development and association of students; - emphasis of attention of reader's audience on daily and (or) most current and serious problems which concrete clubs or student clubs in general faced; - the recommendations of authors about the solution of major problems in the organization and activity of the relevant student's organizations.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537453355.pdf
Number of views: 1355      Download in PDF

16. Goran Rajović, Mikhail Zuev, Alla G. Vazerova, Milica Trailovic
Development of Primary Public Education System in Serbia in 1832–1882

European Journal of Contemporary Education, 2018, 7(3): 623-629.
DOI: 10.13187/ejced.2018.3.623CrossRef

The article examines the history of the system of primary education in Serbia from the time of the organization of public schools in 1832 to the introduction of general primary education in 1882. The dynamic of the opening of schools and the number of students in schools is presented in the study. Scientific and reference literature on the research topic was used as materials. The methodology used a set of scientific methods: multi-factor and integration methods, periodization, typology, comparison, etc., which in unity ensure the reliability of the results on the studied problem. This is an interdisciplinary research, based on the comparativistic principle, which allows revealing various informative sources. In conclusion, the authors note that during the period of 1832 – late 1890’s the primary school in Serbia experienced a period of its dynamic development, from its formation till the introduction of general primary education. This period was a difficult one, as it was necessary to overcome not only the complexity of the financing of primary education, but also a part of Serbia often became a place for political and military conflicts. Along with these reasons were purely domestic ones – the unwillingness of parents to send their children to school. The work of the Serbian Ministry of Public Education was focused on these difficulties, and the majority of this work was completed by the end of the 19th century.

URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537453444.pdf
Number of views: 1376      Download in PDF

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URL: http://ejournal1.com/journals_n/1537453455.pdf
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